Reading comprehension is made up of a three-step process, each one leading to the other. The first step is being able to identify the facts and ideas in the things that we read. After recognizing ideas and facts, the second step is understanding them. The third step is critical thinking. Despite the word "critical," critical thinking doesn't mean the ability to point out flaws or mistakes. What it really means is the ability to assess the ideas being presented, whether they are reasonable or not.