Dental Extraction 101: Causes, Treatment and Proper Care

Dental extraction is one of the most common procedures in dentistry today. It involves the removal of a tooth with the use of an elevator to lift the tooth and dental forceps to extract. Nowadays, an X-ray is taken prior to extraction to plan the best way to remove the tooth. 


There are at least four reasons why some teeth should be extracted. They are:


1.  Tooth decay or infection so severe that it has reached the pulp causing severe pain.

2.  A wisdom tooth that has not fully erupted because of blockage from other teeth.

3.  Presence of a baby tooth that blocks the formation of permanent teeth. 

4.  When braces are required, sometimes teeth need to be extracted to make room for the teeth being moved into place.


There are two types of extractions. They are:


1) Simple - This is performed on teeth that are visible in the mouth. Local anesthesia and forceps are used.


2) Surgical - This is performed on teeth that are invisible or in an awkward position. In this procedure, the dentist creates an incision in the gums in order to drill out the tooth to be extracted.


Bleeding is to be expected after the procedure. Discomfort and pain will be experienced after the local anesthesia wears off. Other aftereffects of extraction are summarized in the infographic below by the Beacon Cove Dental Group.

Infection can occur if the right treatment and care are overlooked post extraction. Observe the best practices below to ensure total healing after the procedure.

1) Do not brush your teeth within 8 hours. After this, avoid the extraction site when you’re brushing other teeth.

2) Control further bleeding by adding pressure to the extraction site with the use of a clean gauze. 

3) Gargle with an antiseptic mouthwash a day after the extraction.

4) Refrain from spitting or sucking through a straw. This will cause bleeding.

5) If  you’re a smoker, do not smoke for at least a day, preferably for three days after treatment. 

Tooth extraction need not be a risky procedure. Contact a credible dental care provider if you need to undergo this procedure.

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